ITR Filing for the FY 2023-24: Which ITR Form Is Right For You?

ITR Filing for the FY 2023-24: Which ITR Form Is Right For You?
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ITR Return Filing is a crucial responsibility for every taxpayer. The process ensures that individuals and businesses report their income to the government and pay the appropriate taxes. For the financial year 2023-24, understanding which ITR form to use is essential for a smooth filing experience. This guide will help you decode the various ITR forms and determine the right one for your needs.

Understanding Income Tax Return (ITR) Forms

The Income Tax Department of India has prescribed different ITR forms for different types of taxpayers, depending on their income sources and other criteria. Each form is designed to cater to specific situations, ensuring that taxpayers can accurately report their income and claim the appropriate deductions and exemptions.

Overview of ITR Forms for FY 2023-24

Overview of ITR Forms for FY 2023-24

1. ITR-1 (Sahaj)

Eligibility: Individuals (residents) with a total income up to ₹50 lakh, having income from salaries, one house property, other sources (interest, etc.), and agricultural income up to ₹5,000.

Not Eligible: Individuals who are directors in a company, have investments in unlisted equity shares, own foreign assets, or have income from more than one house property.

Who Should Use ITR-1?

  • Salaried individuals with income up to ₹50 lakh.
  • Individuals with income from a single-house property.
  • Individuals with income from other sources like interest.

2. ITR-2

Eligibility: Individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) not having income from profits and gains of business or profession.

Includes: Income from salary/pension, multiple house properties, capital gains, foreign assets/income, agricultural income above ₹5,000, etc.

Who Should Use ITR-2?

  • Individuals with capital gains.
  • Those with more than one house property.
  • Individuals with foreign assets or income.

3. ITR-3

Eligibility: Individuals and HUFs having income from profits and gains of business or profession.

Includes: Income from business/profession, salary/pension, house property, capital gains, other sources, foreign assets, etc.

Who Should Use ITR-3?

  • Business owners and professionals.
  • Individuals with income from a partnership firm.
  • Those with income from multiple sources, including business or profession.

4. ITR-4 (Sugam)

Eligibility: Individuals, HUFs, and firms (other than LLP) who are residents having total income up to ₹50 lakh and having income from business and profession which is computed under sections 44AD, 44ADA, or 44AE.

Not Eligible: Individuals who are directors in a company, have invested in unlisted equity shares, have income from more than one house property, or own foreign assets.

Who Should Use ITR-4?

  • Small business owners and professionals opting for the presumptive taxation scheme.
  • Freelancers with income up to ₹50 lakh.
  • Firms with eligible income under sections 44AD, 44ADA, or 44AE.

5. ITR-5

Eligibility: Partnership firms, LLPs, Associations of Persons (AOPs), Bodies of Individuals (BOIs), and other persons specified by law.

Who Should Use ITR-5?

  • Partnership firms and LLPs.
  • AOPs and BOIs.
  • Entities specified by law with incomes from varied sources.

6. ITR-6

Eligibility: Companies other than those claiming exemption under section 11 (income from property held for charitable or religious purposes).

Who Should Use ITR-6?

7. ITR-7

Eligibility: Persons including companies required to furnish returns under sections 139(4A), 139(4B), 139(4C), or 139(4D).

Includes: Entities claiming exemptions such as charitable/religious trusts, political parties, scientific research institutions, news agencies, etc.

Who Should Use ITR-7?

  • Charitable and religious trusts.
  • Political parties.
  • Scientific research institutions and similar entities.

Choosing the Right ITR Form

Overview of ITR Forms for FY 2023-24

Selecting the correct ITR form is crucial for accurate and hassle-free filing. Here are some steps to help you choose the right form:

  1. Identify Your Income Sources: List all your income sources, including salary, house property, capital gains, business/profession, and other sources like interest, dividends, etc.
  2. Check Eligibility Criteria: Match your income sources and eligibility with the criteria mentioned for each ITR form.
  3. Consider Additional Factors: Take into account additional factors such as being a director in a company, owning foreign assets, or having agricultural income.
  4. Use Online Tools and Resources: Utilize the Income Tax Department’s official website and online tools to get guidance on the appropriate ITR form.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Filing the wrong ITR form can lead to complications, delays, and penalties. Here are some common mistakes to avoid:

  1. Incorrect Form Selection: Ensure you thoroughly understand which form applies to your income situation. Using the wrong form can result in rejection or penalties.
  2. Incomplete Information: Provide complete and accurate information. Missing out on details can lead to discrepancies and legal issues.
  3. Ignoring Deadlines: File your returns within the stipulated deadlines to avoid penalties and interest charges.
  4. Miscalculating Deductions: Be meticulous about claiming deductions and exemptions. Incorrect claims can trigger scrutiny and penalties.

Benefits of Correctly Filing ITR

Accurate and timely filing of ITR offers several benefits:

  1. Avoiding Penalties: Proper filing helps you avoid penalties, interest, and legal consequences.
  2. Claiming Refunds: If you have paid excess taxes, accurate filing enables you to claim refunds efficiently.
  3. Loan Approvals: ITR filing documents are often required for loan approvals and other financial transactions.
  4. Proof of Income: ITR serves as proof of income and is useful for various financial and legal purposes.


Filing the correct ITR form for the financial year 2023-24 is essential for compliance and financial health. By understanding the eligibility criteria and choosing the right form, you can ensure a smooth filing process and avoid potential issues. Utilize available resources, seek professional advice if needed, and adhere to deadlines to make the most of your ITR filing experience. Remember, accurate and timely filing not only fulfils your legal obligations but also empowers you to manage your finances effectively.

Our team of experts at Apki Return can guide you through the process of ITR filing and ensure accuracy.

Don’t wait until the last minute! Start your ITR filing in Jaipur today with Apki Return. Call us at +91 766 515 6000 to get started!

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